ENTERED AT THE POST OFFICE AT CHAPEL HILL AS SECOND CLASS MATTER
CHAPEL HILL, N. C.
PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS
THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Number 22. Fifty Cents a Year. June, 1903.
THE ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTH ANNUAL COM-
The exercises of Commencement Week were opened on May 3 1st with
the baccalaureate sermon, by the Right Reverend A. M. Randolph, Bishop
of Southern Virginia. The editors of The Record regret that space allows
only a brief abstract of this able sermon, as of the other memorable ad-
The subject of the sermon was Law, the text being found in Romans,
VIII :3-4 : ' 'For what the Law could not do, in that it was weak through
the flesh, God sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for
sin condemned sin in the flesh : that the righteousness of the law might be
fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but aftsr the Spirit."
There is an apparent antagonism between law and gospel, between faith
and works as means of human salvation. The doctrine of good works is
subversive of Christianity. Conformity to any law by itself cannot redeem
On the other hand, St. Paul pleads for Justification by Faith, saying:
Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds
of the law. But he does not mean that a man is justified if he lives in
violation of the laws of God and of man.
The law for righteousness was the old Jewish law and had accomplished
its purpose. So Christ is the end of that law.
The Jews were an elect nation, but misconceived the meaning of their
election. God intended them to be vehicles for His truth. But they
thought of God as belonging to them instead of Israel as belonging to God,
as the channel of an universal religion. And yet the Jew came to believe
that God loved the rest of the world and wished them to be saved. But
he was fanatical enought to believe that the only way a Gentile could be
4 THE UNIYERSITY RECORD
saved was to become a Jew: his law, his ritual, his circumcision, his
church were necessary to salvation.
So after the coming of Christ, the Jews, who were in the majority in
the churches, held that the Gentiles must become Jews before they could
become Christians. St. Paul had to fight this idea with powerful argu-
Law, in the text, is not this old law alone, it is law which is neces-
sary to civilization. St. Paul says this law is weak as compared with the
Gospel. We think of law as strong. Without it, society would be anar-
chy, it makes civilization instead of barbarism. Law in the family is
is among our earliest recollections. Again in the educational life there are
principles of law controlling and training us, not technical law, but intel-
lectual and spiritual. Here one can learn the "tremendous law of human
life and destiny, that neither men nor nations can live by bread alone, but
by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God."
Again, when one goes out into the larger life he finds law very powerful.
One's comforts, life, and welfare are dependent upon law. England's law
and courts of justice have turned India from wars of robbery and violence,
which would have brought extinction, to a land of temporal prosperity.
The theme of the Merchant of Venice is the "majesty of the law."
Antonio the beloved and trusted citizen must keep his contract with Shy-
lock the despised Jew. Law teaches men that they are a part of the com-
munity and the safety of lhe community is of more importance than the
good of the individual. And yet it teaches the opposite lesson too. If we
violate it, we must face it alone. No one can help to pay the penalty. So
it teaches us our individuality.
How then does St. Paul mean that the law is weak? Law is only pre-
paratory. St. Paul says it is our "School master to bring us to Christ."
The law teaches the same lessons as the Gospel, but it is the elementary
school for something higher than itself.
Law cannot make character. The law can only take cognizance of
facts. The heart is beyond the law. "Law can only lay hold upon sin
as it breathes out upon the surface; the seething caldron of evil desires is
underneath all the time." In this is the weakness of the law.
When Christianity came, Rome had a most complete system of law; yet
was rotting underneath. Lord Bacon had the greatest legal mind the
English race has produced, yet his soul was corrupted.
TH1 IMVKRSITY KECOKD 5
So the ohuroh believes the words of the text, thai the law is weak. It
follows Christ and looks for His spirit for help. This Idea of the in-
dwelling spirit of Ohrisl is the Last thing that a sinful man wants to be-
lieve. "It is too close a neighborhood with infinite purity and infinite
love and Light." The spirit of this world says to God : Rule in your own
Kingdom and leave me to mine. But the church continues to preach the
truth and invite God to enter the human heart and dwell there. It says,
"Come Lord to me and dwell in me. I know that Thou art the way, the
truth, the life. Thou didst suffer for me. Thou art my Shepherd and I
will follow Thee. Thou art my High Priest, touched with a feeling of
mine infirmities. Thou intercedest at the right hand of God, and all my
sins, my time, and my eternity I leave to Thee."
In the evening, the Reverend Thomas R. English, of the Union Theo-
logical Seminary at Richmond, preached before the Young Men's Christian
Association, taking as passages for his text Job 111:20-23, Eccles. 11:11,
17, Phil. 1:21.
In the first two passages, we have the utterances of two individuals
widely separated in point of time and circumstance: one an example of the
most abject misery, while to the lips of the other was pressed every cup of
human joy; and yet both alike emphatically declare that life is not worth
living. These are by no means isolated cases, for in every age that bitter
cry of Job has been reechoed by groaning multitudes, while countless
others have found life as vain and empty as did the king of Israel.
Lord Byron and Goethe furnish striking examples of the unsatisfying
nature of earthly good, even under the most favorable circumstances.
This raises the question whether or not life is worth living. The
answer must depend entirely upon the standpoint from which life is viewed.
A scaffold may be a miserable failure, considered as a work of art, and yet
a success for the purpose for which it was intended. We must
first then ask the question, For what was life intended by its
author? The ordinary view is that it is bounded by the cradle
and the grave, and having no necessary connection with the
future : a means of present enjoyment, whether sensual, social, or
intellectual. If this is the true view of life, then it must be pronounced a
failure. As to the wretched majority of the race, there can be no possible
question, seeing that the ills they are called to endure far outweigh its
6 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
joys. But even in the case of the more fortunate, life is spent in the an-
ticipation of joys which too often never come. "We never live, but are
always about to live. ' ' The very word ' 'pastime" which we apply to social
amusements, records the conviction that the best thing we can do with
time is to get rid of it, and the more quickly it flies the better.
If it is objected that if men considered life of so little value they would
fling it away, it is sufficient to observe that God has hedged 'life about
by a double wall, the fear of something after death, and the instinct of
life; and yet in spite of all this how many fling it away as an intolerable
burden! No, if life is given us solely as a means of enjoyment, then both
it and its giver alike are a miserable failure!
But before deciding this question, let us consider for a moment the
theory of life propounded in the third passage: "For to me, to live is
Christ, and to die is gain." In the view of the Apostle, Christ is the sun
and centre about which life revolves, and a Christless life is a vain and
empty thing. To him life was of inestimable value, because:
(1) It gave him an opportunity to know and win Christ, a prize which
cast every other into the shade, bringing to him "wisdom, and righteous-
ness, and sanctification, and redemption."
(2) It gave him an opportunity of serving Christ, a service soul-satis-
fying, ennobling, and bringing the richest rewards.
(3) It gave him an opportunity of growing Christ-like, and becoming
conformed to His image, and this to him became a consuming passion.
(4) To one leading such a life, death was "gain," rendering his posses-
sion complete, his service untrammelled, and his likeness perfect.
One has truly said: "The one thing that saves this life from being con-
temptible is the thought of another," and the Apostle himself says: "If in
this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable."
If this life be the vestibule of life eternal, it is worth living, though clouds
of darkness be about us, and every breath a groan.
When Copernicus discovered that the sun was the true centre of our
system, order came out of confusion, and the seeming erratic movements
of certain heavenly bodies were seen to be in perfect conformity to law.
So, in like manner, while life revolves around self, we are appalled and
confounded by the evils that overtake us, but when we see that Christ is
the true centre about which our lives should revolve, then we can rejoice
THE ITNIVKUSITY ItRCOIth 7
even in tribulations, knowing that " onr light affliotion, which is I tut for a
moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory."
Instead of the customary reunions, the members of the Dialectic and
Philanthropic Societies gave this year a joint banquet in Commons Hall.
It was largely attended by old members and young, and was so much en-
joyed by all that it will be given annually hereafter. Mr. Graham H.
Andrews acted as toastmaster, and made an address of welcome, to which
Judge Fred. Philips, of '58, responded. For the Societies, Mr. Charles
Ross spoke on "The Societies Today" and Mr. R. W. Herring on "The
Place of the Societies in the University." Dr. C. Alphonso Smith made
clear the "The Literary Value of the Societies," and Dr. Kemp P. Battle,
of '4i», gave some interesting "Reminiscences." Judge Walter Clark, of
'64, made the principal address of the evening on "The Greater Univer-
sity," an earnest plea for the proper support of an institution which has
done so much for .he State, while the "appropriations from the State have
been simply pitiful." Judge Clark expressed the feeling of all who were
present when he said: "I trust that this is the precursor of an unbroken
line of similar reunions, extending far, far into the future, and into sum-
mers that we shall not see."
Tuesday was largely devoted to Class Day exercises. The President,
Mr. R. S. Stewart, made the address of welcome, and the history was
read by Mr. R. W. Herring; the prophecy, by Mr. T. J. Gold; the last will
and testament, by Mr. G. L. Jones; statistics, by Mr. Z. V. Judd. After
the exercises around the Davie Poplar, Mr. H. R. McFadyen made an ad-
dress in presentation of the class gift, a handsome electrolier and other
electric light fixtures for the Chapel, and Senator Lee S. Overman, in an
eloquent address, accepted the gift for the Trustees.
The Alumni luncheon in Commons Hall was one of the most enjoyable
features of the week. The President of the Association, Col. Thomas S.
Kenan, presided, and Judge Philips acted as toastmaster. There were no
set speeches, but delightful talks were made by Governor Aycock, Col.
Kenan, Judge F. D. Winston, Hon. Thos. W. Mason, Dr. W. J. Holland,
8 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
Mr. Geo W. Watts, President Mclver, Superintendent Joyner, Speaker
Gattis, Mr. Josephus Daniels, Dr. J. B. Killebrew, Mr. J. S. Hill, Mr. R.
S. Stewart, President Venable and others.
Alumni Address, by John Sprunt Hill, Esquire.
Mr. Hill is one of the University's sons who went to live in a distant
state, achieved great success in his profession as a lawyer, and is now re-
turning to make his home again in North Carolina. It is a pity to spoil
his excellent address by printing mere extracts from it.
"I have come here today on a mission of love and devotion to the State
that gave me birth, and to the institution of learning that gave me a
thousand times more than I can ever repay. The force of my remarks,
therefore, will be directed toward doing something for the good of the
University, and if by chance I shall strike out into new fields and make
statements that may not meet with your approbation, I beg you to measure
my effort by the spirit that prompts it rather than by the manner of its
LEGAL STATUS OF THE UNIVERSITY.
The Legislature of 1789, in pursuance to the mandate of the first consti-
tution, providing that "All useful learning shall be duly encouraged and
promoted in one or more universities," passed "An Act to establish a Uni-
versity in this State." This act made full and complete provisions for the
organization of the institution. Forty of her greatest men, representing
all sections of the State, were declared to be a "body politic and corporate,"
under the name of "The Trustees of the University of North Carolina,"
(the corporate name is now "The University of North Carolina"), and
were granted perpetual succession. They were authorized to hold all
kinds of property "for the use of said University," in "special trust and
confidence," that the "profits shall be applied to, and for, the use and pur-
pose of establishing and endowing said University." One week after re-
ceiving the Charter, the Trustees met for organization, accepted the charter
and began to solicit subscriptions from private individuals ' 'to be held as
a permanent fund for the University forever." In 1795 the institution
became fully organized and opened its doors to students. There are many
early decisions of our courts throwing some light upon this subject, but
it remains for our truly great jurist, Thomas Ruffin, to lay down the full
THE iMYKKin MCORD 9
Legal principles governing this oharter and defining the exaol legal Btatus
of the University in : i manner so clear and bold thai his opinion has be
come a Leading authority, and is oited all over the country, in the i
Trustees of University vs. Maultsby, 8 Iredell's Equity, 25s (1863), Chief
Justice Ruftin says. "The University is a public institution and body
politic and hence subject to legislative control It was founded by
the State on public funds and for a general public charity It
scents to the court that there cannot be an instance of a corporation more
exclusively founded for the public, more completely the creature of public
policy, for public purposes purely, than the University of North Carolina.
It is as much so as other public functionaries, the President and Directors
of a Literary Board, and the Board of Public Works " In the
same case Chief Justice Ruffin shows how such a public charitable corpor-
ation differs from the denominational college or private charitable corpor-
ation in the following words, "Charters of corporations founded by
individuals on their own funds for their own emoluments or for the pur-
poses of education or other general charity are contracts of inviolable
obligation The admission and exclusion of members, the qualifi-
cation of directors and trustees, the mode of keeping up their succession
and the government of such corporations are absolutely fixed by the
charter." The paramount reason for the establishment of such private,
charitable institutions for higher education in North Carolina has always
been the free education of ministerial students, and as a subsequent de-
velopment all young men of good character, irrespective of creed, were ad-
mitted, in order that the fees paid by them might help to support the
institution. The theory behind the establishment is about as follows:
It is the duty of a body of persons of like religious opinions to educate their
candidates for the ministry; educated ministers in time make intelligent
worshipers, and these individual worshipers finally impart the lasting
benefits of education to the entire community. Hence the State exempts
such institutions from taxation, protects, fosters and encourages them.
Legally they are the friends and allies of the State, and of the State's insti-
tution for the promotion and encouragement of "All useful learning "—its
University. Benevolence is the mainspring of their existence.
LIGHT FROM OUR FATHERS.
And so it was with our forefathers. Was it a mere accident of history
10 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
that caused these sturdy sons of North Carolina during the darkest hours
of the Revolution, just after the surrender of New York, to meet for the
framing of the first constitution of a free people, and "with faith ap-
proaching sublimity," write down into their supreme law "a school or
schools shall be established by the Legislature for the convenient instruc-
tion of youth, with such salaries to the masters paid by the public as may
enable them to instruct at low prices, and all useful learning shall be duly
encouraged and promoted in one or more universities?" No, it was be-
cause the blood of the Revolution gave to our fathers a new educational
Those of you who have been to that little burying ground by the road-
side, as you go toward the valley from the old home of Thomas Jefferson,
and have seen the words cut into the marble there, "Author of the Declar-
ation of American Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for Religious
Freedom, and Father of the University of Virginia," can follow the grand
sequence of ideas, and tell why the patriots of North Carolina gave us a
university. It is said of the University of Virginia that it is the "length-
ened shadow of one man— JEFFERSON. ' ' The University of North Car-
olina is the lengthened shadow, not of one man, but of a whole people, the
"freest of the free," united in a grand struggle for civil and religious
liberty. It represents their sublime confidence in the justice of their cause
as well as their abiding hope in its eternal usefulness. In those days, as
it should now, the right of private judgment presupposed sufficient intel-
ligence in the individual to arrive at an intelligent judgment. Educated
citizenship, therefore, was the rock on which the whole structure of their
new democratic government rested. Hence, it was the first duty of the
State to secure an educated citizenship and provide for its maintenance
and support. Believing firmly that the preservation of the blessings of
liberty to themselves and to all posterity rested upon the education of the
youth of the State, they were afraid to leave a matter of such momentous
importance to benevolence and philanthropy and to private enterprise.
Hence, to the ideas already in existence favoring education for the preser-
vation of learning, for the social, moral and religious improvement, the
Revolution brought the new educational baptism and for all future time
the dominating idea of education , as a means of self-defense, self -protec-
tion and as the best means of preserving civil and religious liberty and
transmitting it to posterity.
Till'. I OTVBRSn J RECORD II
Our fathers regarded this University as a Public trust just as much as
the common schools. Look behind the clamor of the orowd Pot public
schools today, and you will t'md. far or near, the brains and labors of Buch
men as Battle, Craven, Morrison, Winston, Alderman, Venable. No prin-
ciple in educational science is better established than the fact that the
desire for education starts from the top and travels downward, and not
from the bottom upwards. Says United States Commissioner Dawson,
who during his term of office made a most extensive study of education in
the United States, "In every instance the foremost desire of the people has
been for colleges and universities, rather than for schools of lower grade.
It was the opinion of the colonists and of the early settlers of the West and
the South, that primary and secondary schools were essentially dependent
for their existence upon higher institutions. This principle is borne out
by the facts The necessity for higher education for the support of
the primary schools is now regarded as a. fundamental truth." It is signifi-
cant that in both Pennsylvania and North Carolina, the first two States in
the Union to take bold stands in their constitutions for education, the
University and the common schools are placed on the same footing,
and the demand for the university came forty years before the demand
for the public schools. The first school established in New England
was not a primary school, but a college.
How abundantly the hopes of our fathers in establishing this institution
have been fulfilled is a grand and glorious record. Its story brings a thrill
of pride to the heart of every loyal son of the "Old North State." But the
widespread usefulness of this University has become such common knowl-
edge to this gathering that I shall not delay you to recount its details. Per-
mit me in passing to recall a brief tribute from Judge Archibald Murphey,
the "Father of the Public School System" in North Carolina, found in
his official report to the Legislature in 1817. "This institution has been in
operation for twenty' years and has been eminently useful to the State.
It has contributed, perhaps more than any one cause, to diffuse a taste for
reading among rhe people and to excite a spirit of liberal improvement."
One has but to look around him in our State today to see the splendid ex-
amples of the effective fruitfulness and public service of this institution.
Closed for nearly ten years during the dark days of reconstruction, out of
12 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
the first three classes after the reopening came those peerless examples of
public service, Charles B. Aocock, James Y. Joyner, and Charles D. Mc-
Iver. What a splendid fulfillment of the sublime hopes of those great
hearted, self-sacrificing men, who, thirty years ago "plucked this Univer-
sity from the weeds, ' ' and gave back to our poverty stricken people the
best means of preserving their liberties and of upbuilding their fortunes.
NEEDS OF THE UNIVERSITY.
But while the laying bare of basis principles, and the recounting of
glorious memories may be interesting and edifying to some of us, I take it
that the imperative duty of every one of this gathering of her loyal sons is
to come down to business and lend his aid toward the formation of some
definite plan providing for the pressing needs of our Alma Mater. This is
a day of large ideas, of great community effort, of gigantic business un-
dertakings, and North Carolina is right up in the forefront of this im-
mense progress. During the last twenty-five years she has become a great
industrial community. She is no longer poor and helpless. The city of
Raleigh alone has more money in her banks than all the banks had twenty-
five years ago. Mere magnitude in business no longer frightens our
people. Why therefore should mere magnitude in educational matters
frighten them? Is it not the paramount duty of this body to give to our
University the opportunity of keeping pace with the progress of the times,
of moving on to its greater destiny, its higher life, its broader field of use-
fulness? Is it not time for us to begin the work of making this institution
a great Southern States' University, a modern directive force, commensu-
rate with the demands of our people and alert to all their growing needs?
President Venable has already answered the question in the affirmative,
and with hope and enthusiasm is devoting his brains and his energies to
the Herculean task. The greatness of his sacrifice, for without doubt
his salary can no more than pay his living expenses, the nobility of his
effort, the wonderful f ruitf ulness of his labors, the number and magnitude
of his pressing needs enlist our deepest sympathy, invoke the highest ad-
miration, and call for our most earnest and intelligent co-operation. This
work will require the best men and we want from them the best service.
Let us not beat down the market that we may purchase mediocrity cheap.
But let us stand shoulder to shoulder behind our splenditl standard bearer
and give him the support that he demands. A university which has all it
THH I'MVERSITY RECORD W
wants has already begun to deoline, and a president of a university who
is not always wanting something, should hand in his resignation. I fig-
ured up the first eight Deeds enumerated in Dr. Venable's report, under
the head of 'Teaching Force," and they call for about $12,000 a year.
The remaining pressing needs mentioned under the head of "Equipment"
call for about f 400, 000. In the light of the foregoing discussion it seems
to me that the Legislature is the proper place to look for help in providing
for an increased teaching force, and that today we need not turn the ener-
gies of this body in that direction.
Indeed in view of the great demand for teachers for the primary and
secondary schools all over the State it would seem to be the plain duty of
the Legislature fo comply with the mandate of the Constitution requiring
it to "establish and maintain in connection with the University, a depart-
ment of Normal Instruction," and to appropriate at the next session suffi-
cient funds for this new department.
It appears from the constitutional history of this State that for more
than one hundred years the people when acting in their sovereign capacity
have steadily and almost unanimously voted for the University. It is safe
therefore, to lay aside all fear in this respect and to start with the dictum
of Judge Locke in 1805, "The University is as permanent as the govern-
It is always the first duty of the guardians of monies of a democratic
people to make the burdens of taxation rest as lightly upon the shoulders
of the general public as the circumstances will permit. But where an in-
stitution for higher education is a public corporation, for the benefit of the
whole people, and under the control of the whole people, I do think that
we have the right to expect the hearty co-operation of the people's repre-
sentatives. We have the right to expect their aid in improvising methods
for bringing to the support of this public, charitable corporation the pow-
erful assistance of benevolence and philanthropy, the love and the interest
and the wealth of thousands of high minded men and women scattered
over this State and throughout the whole country.
This institution no longer belongs exclusively to the residents of North
Carolina. It is the Alma Mater of men scattered all over the world. One
good live alumnus on the Board of Trustees residing in the City of New
York alone, has the opportunity of doing more for this University than
14 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
five average men residing in North Carolina and picked in our easy going
manner of equitable distribution of honorable distinctions. I know
whereof I speak. Far be it from my nature to find any fault with the
public service of this distinguished body, of which my father was a mem-
ber almost up to the time of his death. But with love and reverence, I
must speak plainly about a matter that I know, and you know, to be a
serious handicap to the progress of the institution that we love to the bot-
tom of our hearts.
No institution on earth has a more tender hold upon the affections of the
individual alumnus than this University. The love of the old Chapel Hil-
lian for his Alma Mater evokes all the poetry that lies hidden in his inner-
most heart. Locate him where you will, in New York, Chicago, Galves-
ton, his love for this hallowed place follows him on and on. It is a part of
his life. He is like the vase in which roses have been instilled,
"You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will,
But the scent of the roses will cling to it still."
And yet with all this individual attachment and individual enthusiasm,
all attempts to organize the Alumni into a strong working body have sig-
nally failed. Why? Because sweet reminiscence will occasionally bring
men together to laugh, to speak and to weep, and maybe in an outburst
of spasmodic enthusiasm some important business will be transacted. But
in order to secure the steady pressure, the powerful force of organized en-
thusiasm, year in and year out, you must have organized business of large im -
portance constantly engaging their attentions and calling for responsible
action. What makes men of affairs come from Chicago and Cincinnati
to New Haven, Connecticut, every year? It is because the Alumni have
some official standing in the affairs of Yale University, and there is an elec-
tion of a number of their body as ' 'Members of the Corporation."
It is believed by many of us that if the Legislature will pass an Act em-
powering the Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina to
elect twenty-six members or one-third of the Board of Trustees in its own
way, it will that moment breathe new life into the dead bones of the Alum-
ni Association, and a thoroughly organized body of men will quickly spring
into existence that will every day in the year render powerful assistance
in carrying the burdens of the University and in supplying equipment for
its greater progress and its higher development. The plan of giving to the
THE UNIVERSITY RECORD Ifr
Alumni a business standing in the management and support of higher in-
stitutions of learning is not a new one. It has already been adopted in
many Localities, and has invariably proven productive of splendid results.
Such i» ti innovation, while in no manner destroying the safety of the mul-
titude will, in the Light of experience in other States, shake; off the
shackles of inertia, bring to the Board new blood, new educational enthu
siasm and new capacity for expansion and progress.
May we not learn with profit the lesson of many other institutions, and
expect through the organized body of a strong Alumni Association to reach
the volunteer, the philanthropist, the man who gives aid to education for
the preservation of learning, for the cause of benevolence, for the purpose
of establishing grand and everlasting memorials to families? Our fore-
fathers believed in uniting the system of supporting education for the sake
of benevolence with the system of supporting it as a means of preserving
their liberties. Is there any valid reason why we should turn our backs
upon the happy marriage? Because the whole people contribute fifty
thousand dollars a year to the support of an institution for higher educa-
tion as a permanent investment in good citizenship is not likely to drive
away from its support the believer in benevolence and philanthropy. On
the contrary, world -hearted men and women will be attracted to its sup-
port by the knowledge that the "University is as permanent as the gov-
ernment," that "it stands on higher grounds than other aggregate corpor-
ations" that the "trusteeship is of the whole people" binding themselves
through their corporate agents "in special trust and confidence to apply"
each of their benefactions "to the exact purpose for which it was created
and exists." They will be all the more inclined to give, by the knowledge
of the people's guarantee of permanent support, permitting and securing
a broader and a higher field of usefulness, imposing a binding and a last-
ing obligation in public service, and breathing the fire of the love of coun-
try into the beauty of the love of God.
I have no hesitation in saying that the first duty of an organized Alum-
ni Association is to devise means of sending home to the minds of our own
home people, as well as abroad a clear knowlege of the relation of this
University to the whole people, its public service, its record of achieve-
ments, its pressing needs, its momentous possibilities, and most of all its
glorious opportunities for making benefactions a thousand times effective.
The December report of the President is a great step in this direction. But
16 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
in my humble opinion much more will have to be done before we may ex-
pect to uproot the prejudice, overcome the inertia, awakeu the interest,
and draw to our support the sympathy of many men in this State whose
aid the University needs and s< > richly deserves.
THE VANDERBILT GIFT.
The story of the Deems Fund is in many respects a happy illustration,
not only of the channels through which great philanthropists can be reach-
ed, but especially of the wonderful fruitfulness of gifts to this institution.
Some twenty years ago, as a memorial to the young son of Dr. Charles F.
Deems, Mr. William H. Vanderbilt, of New York, supplemented the small
gift of $300 from Dr. Deems with the gift of $10,000 to the University to be
loaned, principal and interest, to such young men as need help in order
to secure an education. Up to the first of July, 1902, this fund had not only
aided three hundred and eighty-two faithful, active Anglo-Saxon youths
to get a college education, but had increased by repayment of loans and
interest until the whole fund amounted to $21,733.79, or more than 100 per
cent. A splendid tribute to the industry and honor of the kind of men we
raise down here in old North Carolina! There is pressing need for more
money of this kind. Three-fourths of the six hundred students here today
are the sons of poor men, or are here as the result of money borrowed or
earned. "During the fall of 1900," says President Venable, in reporting
yearly expenses, "about two-thirds of the students handed in accounts of
their expenses, and from these accounts it was seen that those students
who paid no tuition (holding scholarships) and also received their board as
waiters, averaged $63.60 for all expenses, exclusive of clothing and travel.
Those paying no tuition but board (about $8.00 per month), averaged $144.61,
and lastly the average expenses of the student paying tuition and board
were $265.25." Well may the University be proud of this record. Can
there be any more fruitful philanthropy than the aiding of worthy young
men to get an education at such an institution ?
A GREAT STATE LIBRARY WANTED.
During the last few years there has grown up throughout the length and
breadth of North Carolina a great number of small libraries in connection
with the public schools and the graded schools. The number is now over
five hundred, I believe. Such libraries are indicative of the birth of a
greatly increased demand for reading and knowledge. Unless an infant
library can reoeive constat direction and supporl from capable and intel-
ligent sources, it is not likely to gel much further than its swaddling clothes.
Very tVw people have any knowledge of the ways and means of running
Libraries. Such information is not picked up at oountry cross roads and
in village factories. Library economy isa special branch of human knowl-
edge, acquired by a few intelligent people after years of persistent study
and extensive experience. Already in some parts of the country the force
and value of these truths have been quickly grasped and complete State
library systems established whereby the independence of the local library
is preserved, but opportunity is given its management to acquire a practi-
cal knowledge of books and of methods of conducting a library from a
great central source of expert information of library economy. Today
there is no great library in North Carolina, no general knowledge of library
economy, no great source of library inspiration. The library at the
University is probably the best equipped in the State, but a feeling of sad-
ness must needs come over the heart of every loyal son of our beloved
State when his eyes fall upon our University library equipment. The
building shelters 40,000 volumes and 20,000 pamphlets, but many of them
are necessarily packed and jammed away in such a fashion as to largely
destroy their usefulness. What is a library without research rooms, con-
sultation rooms, seminary compartments, with but little room for the gen-
eral reader, and less for the real scholar and none for the specialist, the
man who digs down to the bottom of research and brings out the pure
gold of human learning from the treasure houses of the world? Will not
some philanthropist come to our aid and erect a memorial library building
on this beautiful campus, with sufficient funds for equipment? Will not
some great-hearted son or daughter of the "Old North State" give our peo-
ple a great library, the head of /he library system of the State, to illumine
the homes of all the people of every creed and of every station, and show
them the hidden paths to the kindly fruits of earth and to the eternal bless-
ings of Heaven? Pearls and palaces and diamonds and dinners will
vanish with the tolling of a bell, great fortunes will be made and lost in
a century in a whirl-pool of luxury and extravagance, princes will follow
princes in the lengthening cycles of debauchery and corruption, but the
rich fruits from this, the most beautiful flower of philanthropy in the gar-
den of your nativity, will give ever increasing hope and happiness to
your people and prove immortal and divine !
lfc THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
TEMPLE OF EVANGEL*
We stand here today in Gerrard Hall, built a half century ago from pro-
ceeds of the sale of lands of Major Charles Gerrard, bought with his blood
in war for civil and religious liberty. Students and professors are called to
worship here, and yet one-third of the persons summoned are unable to
find seats. Within five years more, two-thirds of the students and profes-
sors will be unable to find seats at these morning prayers/ The religious
life af the University is largely in the care of the Young Men's Christian
Association. Over sixty per cent, of the students and all the professors
are church members, and about two hundred are members of the Associa-
tion. 'Twice a week evening prayers are held by the Association. Four
Sunday schools in the nearby country are supported by the Association,
and it maintains also a weekly service in a nearby cotton mill. Morning
classes in Sunday school with an attendance of from one to two hundred are
taught by the professors. Says President Venable in his report, ' 'They have
no suitable rooms for their Bible class meetings. No general assembly hall,
no reading room and no library." Church people of North Carolina, let
me ask you if this is not the greatest strategic point in the entire State for
those religious operations that seek to touch the heart of higher life and
quicken its beats with the universal love of the Father ? As an illustra-
tion of the strategic importance of this institution from a religious stand-
point permit me to recall the sublime work of Joseph Caldwell, who for
thirty years was the "Atlas on whose shoulders our University world rest-
ed," and who during a large part of the time was the controlling spirit of
the Presbyterian Church in North Carolina and Chairman of the Board
of Trustees of the Union Theological Seminary in Virginia. It was the
voice of Joseph Caldwell standing in the pulpits of this University that
more than any other man, with the thunderbolts of his giant intellect,
hurled back the furious thraldom of infidelity that swept over our State
and threatened to encompass it forever in the darkness of life without
hope, of mind without God. Is it not time to fling away Lilliputian ideas
and let heaven born benevolence join hands with Self- Protection in the
erection of a splendid Temple of Evangel upon this campus, commensurate
with the needs of the religious life of this University?
This is no place for sectarian mediocrity. It is the true home of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and a grand field for the great Evan-
mi; i NIVBRS1 i V RECORD I'-'
gelisl of every denomination. I remember that during my senior year all
but three students joined in the wort of a great evangelisl and evening
prayers were held on many of the floors of these buildings. It may be
observed thai several of tin- Leading Christian men of the State t<> day re-
ceived their religious awakening at Ohapel Hill in the spring meetings of
Before closing, allow me to call the attention of this body, and so far as
I may be able, that of the whole State to another department of this Uni-
versity, which from necessity has been sadly neglected, but which in the
course of time will prove its crowning glory. I refer to the graduate de-
partment of which President Venable in painful candor says, "No special
effort has been made to develop this department, as the strength of the
faculty is taxed by the large number of undergraduate students." It is in
this direction that the individual with moderate means can wisely and
with great profit to the University and to its work in upbuilding the State,
give the smaller contributions in keeping with the state of his exchequer
and along the lines in which he may be strongly interested.
Fellow Alunmi, and especially you young men, we owe to this University
a thousand times more than we can ever repay. We owe to the State
and to the noble men and women who have given their hearts and their
treasures to this institution a debt of great public service. Moved by the
love in our own hearts that sends its warmth down into our very souls,
and that lifts its beauty up to the face of high Heaven, let us make a great
common effort to take up the burdens that our fathers have so faithfully
carried and lift up to a higher plane of strength and usefulness this grand
old guardian of the civil and religious liberties of the people of North Car-
FELLOWSHIP IN NORTH CAROLINA HISTORY.
To these ends, Mr. President, I now desire to contribute permanently
the yearly income derived from four thousand dollars. And it is my wish
that during the coming year, this income be given to the fund for the
erection of a building for the religious needs of this institution and there-
after to go toward the establishment of a fellowship in North Carolina
THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
History in connection with the University, but open to all students of all
institutions for higher education in the State."
Tuesday of commencement week is always a busy day. After the Alum-
ni luncheon, the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees, largely attend-
ed, was held. Their important actions are noted elsewhere. In the even-
ing, the annual debate between representatives of the Dialectic and Phil-
anthropic Societies, for the Bingham prize, took place. It was won by the
Dialectic Society. A pleasant reception, given by the President and Fac-
ulty, ended the day.
• WEDNESDAY, JUNE 3.
At 10:15 the academic procession entered Memorial Hall. Four of the
Seniors, selected as speakers, delivered orations: Messrs. T. J. Gold, B. F. v
Huske, C. A. Bynum, and C. E. Maddry. The Mangum medal was won
by Mr. C. E. Maddry, who is County Superintendent of Public Instruction
in Orange county, in an oration on "The Duty of the South to the Coun-
The commencement address by Dr. William J. Holland, Director of the
Carnegie Museum at Pittsburg, will be published separately and in full.
His subject was "The Opportunities and Duties of Educated Men in Rela-
tion to the South of the Future." The address made a profound impres-
sion on the large and interested audience.
The President made the following announcements: Dr. Charles
Wyche, of St. Louis, has established the Hunter Lee Harris Medal, for the
best story published in The University Magazine. Hunter Lee Harris was
graduated in 18^9, and his life of great promise ended soon after his grad-
uation. Mr. Hayne Davis, of the class of 1888. has given a medal far the
best essay bearing upon the Hague Tribunal. Mr. John Sprunt Hill, of
the class of 1889, who established in 189(5 the Hill Prize in History, has
given $4,000 for a fellowship in North Carolina History.
The following changes in the faculty have been made: Dr George
Howe has been elected Professor of Latin, in place of Dr. H. F. Linscott,
who died during the past year: Dr. Thomas Ruffiu has been made full Pro
sorof Law; Mr. E. K. Graham, formerly instructor, has been made Associate
Profess >r of the English Language; Dr. R. O. E. Davis has been advanced
THH UN1VKKSITY RECORD 31
to the position of [nstractor in Ohemistry; assistants for the ooming year:
Messrs. L. 15. Lockharl and W. I\l Marriott, in Ohemistry; Mr. L. B. .Ww
ell, in Anatomy and Pathology; Mr. J. r>. Oranmer, in anatomy; Mr. W.
J. Gordon, in French.
Medals and Prizes were awarded as follows:
The Eolt Medal, Thomas Felix Hickerson; the Bume Medal, Nathan
Wilson Walker; the Hill Prize, Robert Withington Herring; the Harris
Prize, Joseph Flanner Patterson: the Greek Prize, Herbert Henry Moses;
the Worth Prize, Curtis Ashley Byiium; the Library Prizes, Charles Phil-
lips Russell, Edgar Samuel Williamson Dameron; the Magazine Prizes,
Preston Camming, Jr., Harvey Hatcher Hughes; the Early English Text
Society Prize, Nathan Wilson Walker; the Bingham Prize, Andrew Hall
Johnston; the Bryan Prize, Robert Withington Herring; the Mangum
Medal, Charles Edward Maddry; the Bradham Prize, Leonidas Coleman
Reverend Howard E. Rondthaler, of the class of 1893, made a most touch-
ing and helpful address in presenting to each member of the graduating
class the University's last gift, a Bible.
Degrees in course were conferred as follows:
Bachelors of Arts: — Graham Harris Andrews, Green Ramsey Berkeley,
Curtis Ashley Bynum, Milton Calder, Newton Fernando Farlow, A.B.,
(1 ail lord, 1H02. John Reston Giles, William Jones Gordon, William Archi-
bald Graham, George Jackson Green, A.B., Elan College, 1902, Francis
Sylvester Hassel, Bartholomew Fuller Huske, Charles Earl Johnson, Jr.,
George Lyle Jones, Harry Murray Jones, John Henry Mc Aden, Jr., Henry
Richard McFadyen, Rufus Clegg Morrow, Arthur Lee Moser, A.B.,
Lenoir College, 1895, Lester Leonidas Parker, Edward Ray, John Kirkland
Ross, Braston Isaiah Tart, Henry Gray Turner, Nathan Wilson Walker,
Bachelors of Philosophy: — Burke Haywood Bridgers, William Frederick
Carr, Robert Beatty Collins, Preston Cumming, Gaston Gilbert Gallaway,
Thomas Jackson Gold, Thomas Lenoir Gwyn, Frederick Moir Hanes, Rob-
ert Withington Herring, Earle Pendleton Holt, James Wiley Horner,
Zebulon Vance Judd. Charles Edward Maddry James Lathrop Morehead,
Joseph Edmund Pearson, Harry Pelham Stevens, Roach Sidney Stewart,
George Robert Ward, George William Willcox, Jesse Womble Willcox.
M THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
Bachelors of Science:— Hugh Hammond Bennett. Edward Buehler
Clement, Reuben Oscar Everett, Thomas Bledsoe Foust, Marshall Renfro
Glenn, George Washington Graham, Jr., Edmund Alexander Hawes, Jr.,
Hazel Holland, Joshua John Skinner, James Battle Thorp, Jacob Tomlin-
son, Hubert Raymond Weller.
Bachelors of Laws:- Julius Fletcher Duncan, A.B., A.M., 1902, John
Christoph Blucher Ehringhaus, A.B., 1901, James Breeden Gibson, A.B.
Wo ford, 1901, Charles Upchurch Harris, Willliam Frank Smathers.
Graduates in Pharmacy: — David Archie Bulluck, John Edward Koonce
William Morgan Perry, Thomas Floyd Rhodes.
Masters of Science: — Isaac Foust Harris, S.B., 1900, 1 vey Foreman Lewis,
Masters of Arts: — John Kirkland Ross, A.B., 1903, George Phifer Stevens,
A.B., 1902, Reston Stevenson, A.B., 1902.
Doctor of Philosophy:— Royall Oscar Eugene Davis, Ph.B., 1901.
Doctors of Medicine:* — Zebulon Marvin Caveness, Willis Dowd Gil-
more, William DeBerniere McNider, Martin Luther Matthews.
PUBLISHED WORK OF THE FACULTY.
The following list of addresses, papers, books and other publications of
members of the faculty, though incomplete, shows activity in many lines
of useful work. It is limited to the year just ended .
President F. P. Venable.
The Educational Outlook. Cary High School.
The Story of a Science. St. Mary's School.
The Education of our People. Tarboro Graded School.
The Value of an Education. South Atlantic Academy.
The Duty before Us. Oak Ridge Institute.
The Work of the University in the South. Southern Educational Con-
ference at Richmond.
The Value of Life. Commencement Address, University of Maryland.
The Task of the Teacher. Address of President, Teachers 1 Assembly at
K. P. Battle.
History of North Carolina in 1802. Wachovia Moravian.
♦Conferred May 14, 1903, at the closing exeiv^cs of the Medical School.
THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 28
Raleigh and the Old Town of Bloomsbury. Booklet Series, Society of
the Daughters of the Revolution.
Condensed History of North Uarolina. February and March Nos. Home
Magazine, Washington, I) C.
Sketches and Notes to Letters of Nathaniel Macon, John Steele, Win..
Barry Grove, and .lames Hogg, .lanes Sprnnt Monograph, No, S.
History of the two Monuments on the Campus of the University of
North Carolina. University Magazine, December, 1902.
Anecdotes of the North Carolina Bar, a lecture before the Summer Law
School of the University, 1902.
History of the Location and Opening of the University of North Caro-
lina Address in Gerrard Hall, October 12, 1902.
Points of Correspondence between English and North Carolina History.
St. Mary's School.
J. W. Gore.
Wireless Telegraphy. Electrical World and Engineer, Vol. XL., No. 2.
The Sun. Faculty lecture, January 14, 1903.
The Sun. Baptist Female University, April 4, 1903.
King Alfred University Summer School June 30, 1902.
The Hymns of the Ages Waynesboro, Va.
History and Prophecy. Waynes ville, Va.
The Unspeakable Gift. Staunton, Va.
Bunyan's Experience. Staunton, Va.
From Mystery Play to Shakspere. The Association as a Spiritual
Power. The Literary Study of the Bible .— Elon College, October 21-22, 1902.
The Hamlet-Problem. The Book Club, Wilson.
The Evolution of Comedy. The Shakspere Club, Oxford.
The Holy Grail. The Christian Reid Book Club, Salisbury.
Certain Interesting Studies in Family History. Hollins Institute, Va.
The Two Voices: Tennyson and Ecclesiastes. Hollins Institute, Va.
Missions and Social Reforms. Y. M. C. A. University of North Carolina.
Shakspere's England in his Hamlet. St. Mary's School.
The Literary Study of the Bible Atlantic Educational Journal, March,
The Huguenots and Some of their Family Connections in Virginia and
North Carolina. University Magazine, March 1903.
The Child in the Temple. Commencement Discourse, Liberty Normal
College, N. C.
An Ancient Saint. Liberty Normal College.
On the Algebraic form %. Mitchell Sci. Soc. Journal, Vol. XIX, part 1.
24 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
Note on the Imaginary Roots of a Cubic. Mitchell Sci. Soc. Journal,
Vol. XIX, part. 2.
R. H. Whitehead.
Histogenesis of Suprarenal Capsule. Association of American Anato-
mists, Washington, D. C.
E. V. Howell.
A Review of the Work on Syrup Ferrous Iodide and a new Method of
preparing. N. C. Pharm. Association, Morehead City, N. C.
Our Trade Mark Laws and the Trend of Recent Decisions. Pharmaceut-
ical Era, May, 1903.
A New Alkaloidal Test. Bulletin of Pharmacy.
Pharmaceutical Synonyms of Two Hundred Years Ago. N. C. Pharm.
Association, Morehead City, N. C.
A Review of the English Physician, by Nicholaus Culpepper, London,
1653. N. C. Pharm. Association.
H. F. LlNSCOTT.
Pure Scholarship; Its Place in Civilization. South Atlantic Quarterly,
Vol. I, 341. Reprinted in University Magazine, February, 1903.
One of Life's Problems. Faculty lecture, April 2, 1903.
The Rare Earth Crusade; What it portends, Scientifically and Techni-
cally. The Chemists' Club, N. Y.
Mercurous Sulphide. N. C. Section, Amer. Chem. Soc.
Recent Investigations of the Rare Earths in the Chemical Laboratory of
the University of N. C. Before the same. Science, NewSer., Vol. XVII.,
C. Alphonso Smith.
Literature and Oratory in the South. Senate and House of Representa-
tives of Louisiana, June, 1902.
An English- German Conversation Book. In collaboration with Dr. Gus-
tav Kriiger, Berlin. D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, June, 1902.
A Great Opportunity. Atlantic Educational Journal, July, 1902.
Literature in the Schools. Atlantic Educational Journal, August, 1902.
The Novel in America. Central High School, Washington, D. C,
November 23, 1902. Published by Teachers' Annuity and Aid Association ,
District of Columbia.
Why Young Men Should Study Shakespeare. Published by the Univer-
sity Society, N. Y., November, 1902.
Bible Study . University Magazine, December, 1902. Reprinted in Pres-
THE UNIVKKsii 8 RECORD 26
bjterian Standard, Janaoary 7, L908. Republished i>y eztraots m Liters
rv Digest, N. V., January 84, L903.
a. Tentative Generalization in English Syntax. Modem Language As
Booiation of America, Baltimore, Md.
A Course in Modern English, a Grammar for the Common Schools. B.
F. Johnson Publishing Co., July, 190;}.
J. E. DUERDEN.
Boring Algae as Agents in the Disintegration of Corals. Bull. Amer.
Mus. Nat, Hist., Vol. XVI. No. 25.
The Morphology of the Madreporaria, II. Increase of, Mesenteries in
Madrepora beyond the Protocnemic Stage. Johns Hopkins University
Circulars, Vol. XXI., No. 157; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. X.
The Morphology of the Madreporaria, III. The Significance of Budding
and Fission. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. X.
On the Actiniau Bun'odeopsis globulifera, Verrill. Trans. Linn. Vol.
VIII, Pt. 9, Series 2. Zool.
West Indian Madreporarian Polyps. Mem. Nat. Acad. Sciences, Vol.
VIII., 7th Mem.
The Morphology of the Madreporaria, IV. Fissiparous Gemmation.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. XI.
A Method of Studying the Septal Sequence in Fossil Corals. Mitchell
Sci. Soc. Jour., Vol. XIX, part 1.
Septal Seqence in Corals. Science, March, 27, 1903.
Tropical Marine Laboratory for Research. Science, May 29, 1903.
A. S. Wheeler.
Qualitative Chemical Analysis. F. P. Venable, Fourth Edition, revised
by A. S. Wheeler University Publishing Co.
Condensation of Chloral with the Nitranilines. With H. R. Weller.
Journal American Chemical Society XXIV., 1063.
Science at Pittsburg. University Magazine, December 1902.
Note on the Bromidation of Heptane. Journal American Chemical So-
ciety XXV., 532.
Certain Derivatives of Trichlorotliylidenedi-p-nitrophenamene. With
M. R. Glenn. N. C. Section, American Chemical Society.
The Determination of Glycerine. With H. R. Weller. Before the
C. L. Raper.
North Carolina, a Study in English Colonial Government.
J. D. Bruner.
Chateaubriand's Le Dernier Abencerage. American Book Co.
Literary Attractions of the Bible. Faculty Lecture, Gerrard Hall.
26 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
On the Construction of a Double-six. American Mathematical Society,
On the Graphic Representation of the Straight Lines upon the Twenty-
one different Types of the Cubic Surface. American Mathematical Socie-
ty, Amour Institute.
Two Simple Constructions for finding the Foci of an Hyperbola, given the
Asymptotes and a Point on, or a tangent to, the Curve. American Math-
ematical Monthly, November, 1902.
A Method for Constructing an Hyperbola, given the Asymptotes and a
Focus. American Mathematical Monthly, December, 1902.
The Derivation of the Brianchon Configuration from Two Spatial Point-
triads. American Mathematical Monthly, February, 1903.
Harmonic Pairs in the Complex Plane. A Geometrical Treatment of
Certain Maps defined by the Equation of Correspondence w = % (z -f- I ) .
American Mathematical Monthly, April, 1903.
J. E. Mills.
Note on the Thermodynanical Calculation of Latent Heat. N. C. Sec-
tion, American Chemical Society.
Molecular Attraction. Before the same.
M. C. S. Noble.
Annual Oration before Grand Lodge of Masons at Raleigh, N. C, Jan-
Address before Durham County Teachers' Association, April 1903, Meth-
od in Teaching.
Address before Orange County Teachers' Association, The Teaching of
History. May, 1903.
Address at Educational mass meeting, Fayette ville, Local Tax and Public
Schools. May, 1903.
Commencement address at Nashville Institute, Education and Self-made
Men. May, 1903.
Address before Summer School at Raleigh, July, 1903, on ' 'The Battle
of Moore's Creek.
MEETINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
[n the Learned Societies of the University, the following papers have
been presented during the year:
THE STATE HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
Slavery in the United States; Its Origin, History, and Effects, Rev. J.
Capture of Fort Fisher, Mr. G. W. Graham, Jr.
Career of Gen. Ramseur, Mr. R. B. Collins.
Life of Chief Justice Thos. Ruffin, Mr. C. H. Sloan.
Life of William A. Graham, Mr. E. L. Sawyer.
Recent Historical Publications, Mr. C. L. Raper.
History of the Revolutionary Land Warrants in Tennessee belonging to
the University, Mr. K. P. Battle.
The Southampton Insurrection, Mr. C. J. Hendley.
Life of Gen. J. P. Henderson, Mr. K. P. Nixon.
Fanning's Conduct in Moore and Chatham, Mr. G. Willcox.
Review of "The Harbinger," the first journal published by the Uni-
versity in 1834- '35, Mr. K. P. Battle.
The Ku-Klux-Klan, Mr. G. V. Roberts.
The Eve of the Revolution in North Carolina, Mr. C. L. Raper.
The Proprietary Judicial System, Mr. R. W. Herring.
The Life of Andrew Johnston, Mr. R. O. Everett.
A Daring Confederate Attack, Mr. K. P. Battle.
THE ELISHA MITCHELL SCIENTIFIC SOCIETY.
143rd -148th meetings:
A New Species of Mosquito, Mr. W. C. Coker.
Suggested Modification of the Law of Dulong and Petit, Mr. J. E. Mills.
Coral Boring Algae, Mr. J. E. Duerden.
Announcement by the Secretary of the Approaching Washington Meet-
ing of the A. A. A. S.
Wireless Transmission of Electrical Energy, Mr. J. W. Gore.
Improved Method for Halogen Determination, Mr. R. O. E. Davis.
Hatteras Island (stereopticon) , Mr. Collier Cobb.
Some Studies in the Movement of Sand Waves (Illustrated), Mr. Collier
The Work of the Beaufort Laborary, Mr. C. A. Shore.
The Washington Meeting of the American Association for the Advance-
ment of Science, Mr. Chas. Baskerville.
Methods of Studying the Rare Earths, Mr. Chas Baskerville.
The Biological Blood Test, Mr. R. H. Whitehead.
Recent Work on Corals, Mr. J. E. Duerden.
28 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
A Static Transformer, Mr. J. W. Gore.
New or Little Known Plants of the Chapel Hill Region, Mr. C. W.
The Electro-Chemical Industry, Mr. J. E. Mills.
A New Use of the Mercury Vapour Tube, Mr. J. W. Gore.
The Prices of Anthracite in the United States, 1850-1902, Mr. C. L. Raper.
Note on the Imaginary Root of a Certain Conic, Mr. Wm. Cain.
Habits of North Carolina Woodpeckers, Mr. I. F. Lewis.
THE SHAKSPERE CLUB.
The Influence of Shakspere's Predecessors on his Historical Drama, Mr.
The Trilogy of Henry IV and Henry V, in Relation to Holinshed and
the Famous Victories of Henry V, Miss E. J. Faison.
Hotspur in Ballad and Chronicle, Compared with Shakspere, Mr. W. J.
Glendower, Historical and Ideal, Mr. R. C. Morrow.
Social Coloring in Henry IV and Henry V, Mr. W. C. Rankin.
The Lyrical Element in Romeo and Juliet, Mr. F. Archer.
The Relation of the Northern Mythology to the Romantic Revival, Mr.
N. W. Walker.
Reflections of Shakspere's Self and his England in Hamlet, Mr. Thos.
The Shakspere- Bacon Question, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith.
Romeo and Juliet, Tragedy or Comedy? Mr. H. R. McFadyen.
The Dramatic Elements in Chatterton's Life and Work, Mr. W. P.
THE PHILOLOGICAL CLUB.
Shakspere and his England in Hamlet, Mr. Thos. Hume.
Differences in Syntax between King James' Version and the Recent
American Revision, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith.
The Adjective and Noun in Horace, Odes I, Mr. Hadzits.
The Order of Words as an Explanation of Certain Problems in English
Syntax, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith.
Certain Points of Comparison between Ancient and Modern Greek, Mr.
THE ROUND TABLE.
The Novel in Modern Life, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith.
The Origin and Improvement of Some Cultivated Plants, Mr. W. C.
Some Every -Day Law, Mr. Thos. Rufnn.
Ethnological and Sociological Musings in the Tropics, Mr. J. E. Duerden.
Some Theories as to the Constitution of Matter, President Venable.
i BE I'MVKKMi v RECORD 29
ON THE ATOMIC WEIGHT OF THORIUM.
Abstract of thesis presented by Mr. R O. E. Davis for the degree of Doc-
tor of Philosophy.
The atomic weight of this element has been determined with varying
results. The accepted value (232.6) is dependent upon analyses 6f the
sulphates, oxalates, formate, acetate and acetonylacetonate, which are sub-
ject to criticism. These facts are elaborated Further, in view of the
recent work of Brauuer and Baskorville pointing toward the complexity of
the element, as well as the illy understood property of radio-activity, which
appears not to belong to pure thorium, a redetermination of its atomic mass
Several kilograms of thorium compounds (generously provided by Mr .
H. S. Miner, Chemist to the Welsbach Lighting Co., Gloucester City, N.
Y.) and repurified by the several acceptable methods, the purity being
proved by spectroscopic examination.
Certain of the older methods for determining the atomic weight, especi-
ally the synthesis of the sulphate from the oxide, experimentally yielded
results not concordant.
It was decided to prepare the tetrachloride and determine its ratio to
the oxide. Numerous preliminary experiments caused the adoption of the
following: mixing pure thorium oxide with the purest carbon to be had
from crystallized rock candy in a carbon boat and subjecting it to strong
heat in a stream of dry chlorine, volatilizing away Berzelius' "'weisser
dampf " and subliming the pure tetrachloride in a hard glass tube; evapo-
rating a water solution of this chloride in counterpoised platinum crucibles
and igniting to a constant weight. The many precautions taken in dry-
ing the ohlorine, analyzing it, preparation of pure distilled water, etc.,
are given, as well as the procedure of weighing with corrected weights by
Concordant results not resulting, the difficulty was thought to be in the
method, so a prolonged series of investigations on a new method for de-
terminining the halogen was instituted. The method settled upon was
essentially quick precipitations by very pure silver nitrate in aldehyde free
absolute alcohol. A detailed account of the difficulties encountered is
given. Still the results were not concordant.
By tedious experimentation it was proved that the hard glass tube was
30 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
attacked and the tetrachloride became contaminated with other chlorides.
A correction was applied in three instances, but as it was desirable to avoid
such corrections, which could cause skepticism as to the value arrived at,
the work was temporarily discontinued awaiting the arrival of quartz
tubes, which were making according to specifications in Germany. It is
hoped that the work may be completed during the vacation.
The Library has continued its growth of usefulness to the University
during the year. Sixteen hundred new volumes were catalogued and
placed upon its shelves and five thousand volumes, embracing works on
History, Education, Description and Travel, and the Fine Arts, were re-
catalogued. The English publications of the Elisha Mitchell collection
were re-catalogued also. Fourteen thousand books were issued to six hun-
dred and fifty subscribers, and works of reference were constantly used in
the Library. Fifty debate queries, with full references, were posted, and
subject matter for theses and debates prepared away from the Univer-
sity, was furnished in several instances. A few changes in the equip-
ment of the Library were also made. A new cork carpet was placed
upon the main floor, four additional step-ladders were provided, a general
diagram of alcoves and sections was framed and preced near the dictionary
catalogue, and a four-page pamphlet, setting forth the best methods of
using the Library, was printed and distributed among the subscribers.
Two new assistants were added to the Library force, and everything pos-
sible was done to make the books in the Library accessible. In order to
increase the interest of the student body in systematic reading, the Library
Reading Course prizes, established in 1902 and awarded for the first time
at the recent commencement, were offered again for the coming year.
'24. — At the last meeting of the Modern Language Association Dr. Kern,
of Johns Hopkins, read a paper entitled 'A Pioneer in the study of Anglo-
Saxon." The pioneer was Edward Dromgoole Sims, of the class of 1824.
THE rvivi.i;-i rv RECORD 31
Be was a tutor here, L825- '27, and afterwards served as professor in Rao
dolph Maeon College and ill the University of Alabama. He left in maim
script an Anglo-Saxon Grammar, and s >me parts of an Anglo-Saxon Dic-
'34. — The December number of The University Magazine contained a por-
trait of Colonel R. B Oreeev. and an account, written by him, of life at
the University seventy years ago. It is believed that Colonel Creecy is
the oldest living graduate of the University.
'50. — A portrait of Dr. John Manning was presented to the Law School
April 16th by his son, James S. Manning, '79. The presentation address
was made by Hon. H. A. Foushee, and Hon. H. A. London accepted the
portrait for the School.
'64 — Judge Walter Clark took the oath as Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court January 1st. It is his fifth judicial commission. When this term
is completed, he will have been in judicial service continuously for twen-
'68. — Haiinis Taylor, former minister to Spain, has been appointed pro-
fessor of constitutional law in Columbian University. He is special coun-
sel for the government before the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission.
The University of Dublin has conferred upon him the Degree of Doctor of
Laws. His Alma Mater gave him the same degree in 1890.
'81. — Bulletin No. 47 of the Irrigation Papers of the U. S. Geological
Survey contains a paper by John W . Hays on the determination of the
power of streams.
'87. — Walter E. Borden has been elected Vice President of the Ameri-
can Bankers' Association.
'95. — Dr. H. H. Home, now a professor of Dartmouth, is a member of
the faculty of the University Summer School.
Dr. Thomas R. Little won the prize offered by the North Carolina
Medical Association for the best series of papers at the examination held
at Hot Springs in June.
'96. — Fred L. Carr, who served for the second time as Representative
from Greene county, has been chosen by Senator Overman as his secretary.
32 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
The Yackety-Yack for this year is dedicated to George Stephens, and
contains his portrait and an appreciative sketch of his life.
Med. 1900.— Dr. F. K. Cooke is dean of the Medical Department of
Wake Forest College.
1901— E. C. Gudger and F. H. Leinly ('02) have been appointed As-
sistant Paymasters in the U. S. Mavy. The former is in the Philippines,
the latter is on the monitor Arkansas.
Ex- 1902. — Henry Winston has just won a championship in tennis at
West Point. He is on the ball nine, and leads his class in English.
Misses Imogen Stone, Susan W. Moses, and Mabel Hale were among the
fourteen students elected to membership in Phi Beta Kappa at Cornell this
MARRIAGES OF ALUMNI.
Miss Lula Davis Hawkins and Dr. Joel D. Whitaker, at Ridge way, N.
C, Jan. 28, 1903.
Miss Julia Leslie Covert and Mr. Lucius Polk McGehee, at Digby, Nova
Scotia, Jan. 28, 1903.
Mrs. Mary Ruffiu Hill and Hon. Charles R. Thomas, at Hillsboro,
N. C, Jan. 7, 1903.
Miss Augusta Webb Ford and Mr William J. Andrews, at Covington,
Ky., Jan. 7, 1903.
Miss Ida Reaves Batchelor and Mr. S. F. Austin, at Nashville, N. C,
Jan. 14, 1903.
Miss Lily M. Heller and Dr. Thomas R. Little, at Bethlehem, Pa.,
Feb. 19, 1903.
Miss Maude Horney and Mr. Walter Murphy, at Boston, March 8, 1903.
Miss Ruby Butcher and Mr. Thaddeus W. Jones, at Guthrie, Oklahoma,
May 8, 1903.
Miss Mary Seaton Hay and Mr. William Branch Jones, at Raleigh, N.
C, April 22, 1903.
THE university EBBOORD 83
Miss Rose Adams and Mr. Paul Jones, at TarbOTO, N. C, April 80, 1?' ( >:;.
Miss Bessie Estelle Dorsey and Mr. William McKee Gulick, at Oxford,
N. C., June 3, L908.
Miss Beulali Bagby and Mr. Wiley H. Swift, at High Point, N. C,
June 3, 1903.
Miss Mamie Evelyn Robbins and Mr. Graham Woodard, at Wilson, N.
C, June 4, 1903.
Miss Mabel Mercer Hill and Dr. Charles Roberson, at Danville, Va.,
June 17, 1903.
Miss Ethel Maye Lewis and Mr. Richard B. Arrington, at Durham, N.
C, June 17, 1903.
Miss Adele Virginia Bilisoly and Mr. William Henry Bagley, at Ports-
mouth, Va., June 17, 1903.
Miss Anna Mabel Vaughan and Mr. James Thomas Pugh, at Cambridge,
Mass., June 24, 1903.
The University of Pennsylvania conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws
on President Venable at Commencement, June 17th.
Professor W. D. Toy is a member of the executive committee of the
Modern Language Association.
The session of the Summer School of Law began June 10th. The class
is of excellent quality, and bids fair to be also the largest ever here.
In the examination held by the State Board of Pharmacy at Morehead
City, Mr. P. A. Lee, of the University School of Pharmacy, passed the
highest examination. Of the six who stood highest, five received their
Ths Summer School for Teachers opened June 15th, to continue four
weeks. There is a faculty of twenty-four, most of them distinguished
specialists, and forty-four courses are given . The attendance will reach two
hundred, and probably more.
34 THE UNIVERSITY RECORD
Dr. W. C. Coker is chief of the botanical staff of the expedition organ-
ized for a scientific survey of the Bahamas. Messrs. C. A. Shore, 1900,
and F. M. Hanes, 1903, accompanied the expedition as assistants in botany.
The Carnegie Institution has appropriated one thousand dollars for Dr.
H. V. Wilson's use in researches on sponges, and the same amount for
Dr. J. E. Duerden in his researches on corals. The National Academy of
Science has appropriated $350.00 and the American Association $150.00 to
Dr. Baskerville for his researches on thorium.
The work of University teams in athletics has been more successful than
in any former year. Georgetown men, who have played with all the lead-
ing college nines, say that no college nine in the United States could beat
the one which represented North Carolina this year.
Sam. Morphis, a negro known and respected by all old students, died on
the 8th of February. He had an accurate recollection of most of the men
who were at the University between 1850 and 1880. For many years he own-
ed the hack lines between Chapel Hill and Durham or Raleigh, and was
always proud of the fact that he drove the hack that brought Zeb. Vance
to the University, when he first came here as a student.
The Chemical Department has recently received gifts from the following:
The Welsbach Incandescent Lighting Co., a complete line of samples
illustrating the manufacture of their incandescent lights and different
types of their perfected lamps; also about $8,000 worth of rare earth prep-
Kuttroff Pickhardt & Co., the American representatives of the Badische
Anilin und Soda Fabrik, a large line of samples of coal tar dye stuffs.
The Cassella Color Co., a line of samples illustrating the more used coal
Garrett & Co., Weldon, N. C, a line of samples illustrating the manu-
facture of domestic wines.
The Levering Coffee Co., Baltimore, a complete set of samples illustrat-
ing their numerous grades of coffee and tea from all parts of the world.
Dr. George Howe, elected to the chair of Latin, was born in Columbia,
S. C. His father was a distinguished clergyman, and he is a nephew of
President Woodrow Wilson. After graduation at Princeton, he taught
for three years in New York with marked success; then spent three years
in the University of Halle, taking ths degree of Ph.D. there. He is»now
IKK IAIVKIM I \ RECORD
;it Oxford University. Dr. Howe's recommendations, all or most of then
sent without his knowledge, are from men prominent in university and
other lines, and bear uniform and high testimony to his attainments as
a scholar, his qualifications as a teacher, and his attractive characteristics
as a man
Abernethy, Miss Elva May, Chapel Hill. 1900. Teacher. Born Sept.
20, 1878, died at Advance, N. C, Feb. 21, 1903.
Cowan, David Stone, Wilmington. 1850- '51. Rail Road Service, Died
May 22, 1903.
Harrison, Henry Hill, Littleton. 1900. Med. 1901. M. D. Died 1903.
Hudson, Frank Sims, Cassville, Tenn. 1900-'03. Born Sept. 14, 1875,
died May 15, 1903.
Irion, Alfred Briggs, Cheneyville, La. A.B., 1855. C. S. A. Member
of Legislature. Lawyer at Marksville, La. Judge of Circuit
Court of Appeals. Representative in Congress. Born Feb. 18,
1833, died May 21, 1903.
Kenan, William Rand. Matriculated from Kenansville. 1860- '63. Ad-
jutant 43rd N. C. Regt., C. S. A. Lawyer. Commission Mer-
chant in Wilmington, N. C. Born 1845, died April 14, 1903.
Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Clinton. 1855-'56. C. S. A. Journalist. Drug-
gist. Born 1835, died May 1903.
Pearsall, Matthew James. Matriculated from Clinton, N. C. 1889- '91.
Lawyer, Moultrie, Ga. Born June 30, 1868, died May 6, 1903.
Ruffin, John Kirkland. Matriculated from Alamance Co. A.B., 1854.
Physician at Wilson, N. C. Surgeon C. S. A. Died May 21, 1903.
Skinner, John Ludlow, Raleigh. 1888-'89. Cotton Buying Business.
Born Sept. 7, 1870, died February 21, 1903.
Whitfield, Cicero. Matriculated from Lenoir Co. A. B., 1860. Sergeant
C. S. A. Turpentine cropper, Salter's, S. C.
3 0112 105882440
THE Fall Term of the University of
North Carolina will begin Sep-
tember 7th, 1903; the Spring Term,
January 2nd, 1904. There is a recess
of about ten days at Christmas. Com-
mencement will be on June 3, 1903.
2. Applicants for admission into the
University will be examined Septem-
ber 7th, 8th and 9th, 1903. They
should reach Chapel Hill one or more
days before the examination period.
3. Lectures in the Academic and in
the Professional Schools will begin
September 10th, 1903.
4. For the Catalogue or for detailed
F. P. VKNABLE, President
University of North Carolina